Category Archives: News

Congratulations and no bye-bye

Congratulations to Kirsten for defending her PhD thesis today. The final verdict after her defense was summa cum laude. Fully deserved, great work!

Again, the defense had to happen entirely online so there was only a very short and adequately socially distanced ceremony. But there will be a time for celebrating more extensively!

Fortunately for us, Kirsten is going to stay with us as a postdoctoral researcher.

Congratulations and bye-bye

Congratulations to Björn for the great defense of his PhD thesis today. The final verdict after his defense, which unfortunately had to happen entirely online, was a fully-deserved summa cum laude. Great work!

Unfortunately for us, Börn has already moved on and is now working as a patent agent. … where he is probably using his experience from our journal clubs to explain each and everyone why there is absolutely nothing new about their recent inventions.

European University NeurotechEU

November 2020 marks the official start of The European University NeurotechEU.

NeurotechEU will educate students across all levels (bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral as well as life-long learners) and train the next-generation multidisciplinary scientists, scholars and graduates, provide them direct access to cutting-edge infrastructure for fundamental, translational and applied research to help Europe address this unmet challenge.

Heterogeneity of perisynaptic astroglia, its changes and functional consequences

Synapses in the brain are approached by perisynaptic astrocyte processes, which are important for the clearance of the neurotransmitter glutamate, for instance. But the coverage of synapses by theses astrocytic processes varies considerably from synapse to synapse. In a first recent study, we could demonstrate that stronger synapses are covered less, relative to their size, and uptake of glutamate is less efficient at these synapses, which increases the probability of synaptic crosstalk. In a second recent study, we could reveal that induction of synaptic long-term potentiation, a cellular mechanism underlying learning, but not depression can trigger the withdrawal of astrocytic processes from synapses and increase synaptic crosstalk. Together, both studies show that the geometrical arrangement of synapses and persisynaptic astrocyte processes is dynamically regulated and defines the spatial precision of synaptic transmission.

Herde K, Bohmbach K, Domingos C, Vana N, Komorowska-Müller JA, Passlick S,  Schwarz I, Jackson CJ, Dietrich D, Schwarz MK, Henneberger C (2020) Local efficacy of glutamate uptake decreases with synapse size. Cell Rep. 32(12):108182 (link)

Henneberger C, Bard L, Panatier A, Reynolds J, Kopach O, Medvedev NI, Minge D, Herde MK, Anders S, Kraev I, Heller JP, Rama S, Zheng K, Jensen TP, Sanchez-Romero I, Jackson C, Janovjak H, Ottersen OP, Nagelhus EA, Oliet SHR, Stewart MG, Nägerl UV, Rusakov DA (2020) LTP induction boosts glutamate spillover by driving withdrawal of perisynaptic astroglia. Neuron (in press) (link)

Astroglial Resting Calcium Controls the Scale of Calcium Signals

Astroglia can encode their activity by the generation of Ca2+ signals, which then trigger or modify various functions of the cell. The signalling pathways that generate Ca2+ signals have been explored in detail. However, what controls their amplitude and waveform remains poorly understood. Using an array of optical methods in vitro and in vivo, we, i.e., Claire King, Kirsten Bohmbach and further colleagues have explored how the resting Ca2+ concentration controls these signals. We consistently find that peak and amplitude of Ca2+ signals display an opposite dependence on the resting Ca2+: a previously unrecognized basic rule underlying Ca2+ signalling in astroglial. The study has been published in Cell Report.

King CM, Bohmbach K, Minge D, Delekate A, Zheng K, Reynolds J, Rakers C, Zeug A, Petzold GC, Rusakov DA, Henneberger C (2020) Local Resting Ca2+ Controls the Scale of Astroglial Ca2+ Signals. Cell Rep. 30(10):3466-3477 (link, open access)

For a more in-depth discussion of astrocytic Ca2+ signalling please see our recent review.

Semyanov A, Henneberger C, Agarwal A (2020) Making sense of astrocytic calcium signals — from acquisition to interpretation. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 21(10):551–564. (link)

Astroglial gap junctions and potassium buffering

Astrocytes form networks in which individual astrocytes are coupled to their neighbors via gap junctions. These networks are thought to help buffering rises of extracellular potassium and thereby to control neuronal excitability. Björn Breithausen, a PhD student in our lab, and colleagues have tested if acute pharmacological blockade of gap junctions impairs potassium buffering. In contrast to our expectations, we found that blockade of gap junctions only affected very local and very large extracellular potassium increases, which are usually only found in brain diseases. The study was published in GLIA.

Breithausen B, Kautzmann S, Boehlen A, Steinhäuser C, Henneberger C (2020) Limited contribution of astroglial gap junction coupling to buffering of extracellular K+ in CA1 stratum radiatum. Glia. 68(5):918-931 (link, open access)

Two PhD studentships available

We are hiring! Two PhD studentships are currently available in the labs of Susanne Schoch, Dirk Dietrich and our own.  The aim is to develop new optical sensors for the NMDA receptor co-agonists D-serine and glycine and to visualize their signaling with already established and newly designed sensors. We will then dissect to what extent and by what mechanisms neurons and astrocytes provide NMDA receptors with either co-agonist in the rodent hippocampus and how they thereby shape synaptic plasticity. Please see here for the full text of the job advertisement.

Please have a look at one of our recent papers to get an idea of what the project is roughly about:

Zhang WH, Herde MK, Mitchell JA, Whitfield JH, Wulff AB, Vongsouthi V, Sanchez-Romero I, Gulakova PE, Minge D, Breithausen B, Schoch S, Janovjak H, Jackson CJ, Henneberger C (2018) Monitoring hippocampal glycine with the computationally designed optical sensor GlyFS. Nat. Chem. Biol. (link).

Bonn Brain3 Meeting 2019 – registration open

BonnBrain3 logog

The registration for next year’s Bonn Brain3 meeting is open!

This time we are taking part in the organization of the meeting and are happy to have brought together an impressive line-up of speakers. The meeting features Talks & Poster Sessions, Short Talks & Lightning Talks by Junior Scientists, Poster Prizes for Postdocs and PhD Students, a Neuroscience Art Competition and a Young Investigator Research Session.

Please click here for the poster or go to the Bonn Brain3 website.

Novel optical tool to visualize glycine signalling

GlyFS illustrationTogether with the lab of Colin Jackson at the Australian National University in Canberra, we have been able to design, characterize and use the novel optical glycine sensor GlyFS.  Using this sensor we could directly show that the levels of the inhibitory neurotransmitter and NMDA receptor co-agonists glycine decrease with postnatal age, increase in response to plasticity-inducing neuronal stimuli and display gradients between synaptic and extrasynaptic locations in the hippocampus.

The full paper can be found here.